Coastal Georgia History
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West Point Plantation

WEST POINT PLANTATION, just north of Frederica, was the estate of Colonel William Hazzard, "scholar, soldier, gentleman, planter, farmer." Some members of the Hazzard family returned to St. Simons after the War Between the States, but within a few years West Point, like so many other plantations, was left deserted.  After lying in ruins for vears the place became the property of the Maxwell Berrys, who restored the old plantation and built a beautiful house enjoyed by three generations of the Berry family.  A winding road through woodland and fields led past the enchanting ruin of the little Pink Chapel, along a row of rebuilt slave cabins, to the pillared mansion on the bank of the Frederica River.

The picturesque ruin of the Pink Chapel, which gets its name from the unusual color of its tabby walls, has long been a favorite beauty spot of the island, painted and photographed by many a visitor.  Among the various stories of its origin, most romantic is the one that dates it from Spanish mission days.  Details of architecture and construction give it the appearance of a Catholic church, and many people find it easy to believe that the little Pink Chapel was indeed one of the sixteenth century missions.  In 1955 West Point passed into other hands and it was announced that the plantation would be divided into residential lots.

West Point and Pikes Bluff. just north of Frederica, were the plantations of Colonel William Wigg Hazzard and his younger brother, Dr. Thomas Fuller Hazzard. The West Point property, which had belonged to Donald Mackay, then to James Spalding. and later to Lachlan McIntosh, was purchased by Colonel Hazzard in 1818.
Adjoining West Point to the north, the Pikes Bluff tract, which included Oglethorpe's old Pikes sentry station, was the property of Edmund Matthews, rector of Christ Church. Frederica. After Mr. Matthew's death in t827, Pikes Bluff was bought from his estate by the Hazzards and became the home of the younger brother.
The brothers were communicants of Christ Church, where Colonel Hazzard served a number ol terms as warden and Dr. Thomas served on the vestry. Both represented Glynn County in the state legislature. They were enthusiastic sportsmen, with their racing boats, Shark and Comet, and their famous pack of deer hounds. Both were writers of some prominence locally. The colonel wrote 2 short histories of Glynn County in 1815, and the doctor published articles on agriculture, on the treatment of influenza, and on the culture of flowers "as conducive to health, pleasure and rational amusement."
Part of the Hazzard property joined the Village land, and in December 1838, a bitter dispute over boundary lines resulted in John Wylly of the Village being shot by Dr. Thomas Hazzard. He was tried for aggravated manslaughter but was not convicted.
Dr. Thomas Hazzard died in 1849 and his widow sold to Colonel Hazzard, who cultivated West Point and Pikes Bluff as one large plantation. After the colonel's death his family moved to South Carolina, and in 1882 his heirs sold the property to James C. Chapman "late of Kent, England," and a layreader for Christ Church. Frederica.
The properly was unoccupied for years until twen|ieth-century owners, Dr. and Mrs. Maxwell Berry, restored part of the old plantation and built a gracious. columned house enjoyed by three generations of the family. In 1955 West Point passed from the Berry estate to other owners, and it was announced that the property would he divided into residential lots. In 1957 a small portion of the tract was purchased for addition to the adjoining Fort Frederica National Monument.
As for the Pikes Bluff part of the old Hazzard plantation, it passed through various hands before being acquired by the Sea Island Company. As with Cannons Point, a preliminary archaeological survey has pinpointed sites of historical significance to be preserved in future development. It is now part of the "Frederica" development.

1850 Census Data




  Jim Bruce Collection